PartⅠ Writing (答题时间30分钟)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes write a composition on the topic, “The Way to Success” based on the following outlines.
You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
PartⅢ reading comprehension(答题时间共40分钟)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one wordfor each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank isidentified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in thebank more than once.
Questions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage.
Video conferencing is nothing more than a television set or PC monitor with a camera. Through the video conferencing, not only your voice but also your face, the surroundings and any other graphic and physical (26) can be captured and transmitted through the communication system with or without wires. Of course, when you go into the details, the technology involved is very (27) and the subject matter littered with jargon. Such as ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network), POTS(Plain Old Telephone Service) or the (28) behind bandwidth, latency and is corny which are used to explain how videoconferencing works. Good people communication is (29) __ in any business, and the more interaction you can achieve, the more likely it is that your (30) will be the right ones. Videoconferencing not only allows you to speak to people in different locations, but also note (31) expressions and gestures that let you know what the other person is really thinking. Meetings are made more (32) __ by sharing documents and computer applications that a simple telephone cannot (33) . (34) , organizations are discovering the competitive advantages and the power of videoconferencing. With advances in performance, economical pricing, the ability to (35) __ essential meeting tools and connectivity to global telephone networks and stand and iced video conferencing protocols, videoconferencing is now a practical reality for any organization.
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
How to Use a Library
A)You’re driving your car home from work or sch001.And something goes wron9.The engine stalls out at lights，holds back as you go to pass.It needs a tune up and soon.Where do you go? The library.You can take out an auto repair manual that tells step by step how to tune up your make and model.Or your tennis game has fallen off.You’ve lost your touch at the net.Where do you go? The library for a few books on improving your tennis form.
B)“The library!”you say.“That’s where my teacher sends me to dough homework.Unfortunately, I’ve found that’s exactly the way many people feel.If you’re among them.you’re denying yourself the easiest way to improve yourself, enjoy yourself and even cope with life.My first suggestion for making the most of your library is to do what I did，read and read and read.For pleasure——and for understanding.
C)If it’s TV that keeps you from cultivating this delicious habit，I can offer a sure remedy.Take home from the library a stack of books that might look interestin9.Pile them on the TV set.Next time you are tempted to turn on a program you really don’t want to see，reach for a book instead.
D)Over the years，people collect a mental list of books they mean to read.If you don’t have such a list，here is the suggestion.Take from the library some of the books you might have enjoyed dramatized on TV, like Remargue’s All Quiet on the Western Front，Clavell’s Shegun，Tolkien’s The Hobbit，or Victor Hugo’s Les Mise Rables.If you like what you read、you can follow up with other satisfying books by the same authors.
E)Some people in their reading limit themselves to current talked—about best sellers.Oh，what they miss! The library is full of yesterday’s best sellers;and they still make compelling reading today. Some that Ive enjoyed：A.B.Guthrie’s The Big Sky，Carl Van Doren’s Benjamin Franklin，Mari Sandoz’s.Old Jules，and Norman Mailer’s The Naked and the Dead.
F) How do you find these or any other books you’re looking for? It’s easy—with the card catalog. Every time I go to the library——and I go more than once a week——I invariably make a beeline to the card catalog before anything else.It’s the nucleus of any public library.The card catalog lists every book in the library by：1.author;2.title;3.subject.Let’s pick an interesting subject to look up.I have always been fascinated by astronomy.You’ll be surprised at the wealth of material you will find under “a strong my” to draw upon.And the absorbing books you didn’t know existed on it.
CAUTION：Always have a pencil and paper when you use the card catal09.
G) Once you jot down the numbers of the books you are interested in，you are ready to find them on the shelves.Libraries call the shelves “the stacks”many smaller libraries，which you’ll be using，the stacks will be open for you to browse.To me there is a special thrill in tracking down the books I want in the stacks !For invariably,I find books about which I knew nothin9，and these often turn out to be the very ones l need.You will find the same thing happening to you when you start to browse in the stacks.“A learned mind is the end product of browsing.”
CAUTION：If you take a book from the stack s to your work desk，do not try to return it to its proper place.That’s work for the experts.If you replace it incorrectly, the next seeker won’t be able to find it.
I) You shot：ld also learn to use the Readers Guide to Periodical Literature.This green—bound index is me of the most useful items in any library.It indexes all the articles in the major magazines，including newspaper magazine supplements.Thus it provides a guide to the very latest expert information of any subject that interests you.So if you want to do a really first—class job，find out which magazines your library subscribes to，then consult the Readers Guide and track down recent articles on your subject.When you use this wonderful tool effectively, you show the mark of a real scholar.
J) Since you can take most books home，but not magazines，take full notes when using the latter. Many libraries today provide a reprographic machine that can quickly copy pages you need from magazines and books.Ask about it：If you are working on a project of some size which will require repeated library visits，keep a small notebook in which you record the identification numbers of the books you will be using frequently.This will save you valuable time，because you won’t have to consult the card catalog or search aimlessly through the stacks each time you visit for material you seek.Sol fie of the very best books in any library are the reference books，which may not be taken home.Learn what topics they cover and how best to use them，for these books are wonderful repositories (储藏室、资料库)of human knowledge.
K) Your library can give you help on any subject.It can even be your business and legal advisor.How many times have you scratched your head over how to get a tax rebate(折扣)on your summer job? You，11 find guides to that.Want to defend yourself in traffic coup? Find out how in legal books at the library.
L) Library Projects Can Be Fun and Rewardin9.Here are a few ideas：
1.What are your roots? Trace your ancestors.Many libraries specialize in genealogy.
2.Did George Washington sleep nearby? Or Billy the Kid? Your library’s collection of local history books can put you on the trail.
4.Take up photography.Check the library for consumer reviews of cameras before you buy.Take out books on lightin9，composition，or darkroom techniques or—you name it!
M)If you haven，t detected by now my enthusiasm for libraries，let me offer two personal notes.Im particularly pleased that in recent years two beautiful libraries have been named after me：a small community library in Quakertown，Pennsylvania，and the huge research library located at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley.And I like libraries so much that I married a librarian.
36.The nucleus of any public library is the car，d catalog.
37.Yesterday’s best sellers are still good for readin9，which shouldn’t be overlooked.
38.The author suggests that people should go to the library for answers when things go wrong
39.The Reader，s Guide is a green—bound index which provides a guide to very latest expert information of any subject that interests readers.
40.The sure remedy to kick the TV habit is to take home from the library interesting books to read.
41.There are various kinds of fun and rewarding projects available in different libraries.
42.A notebook will help readers to record the identification numbers of the frequently used books which can’t be taken home.
43.Readers should not try to return the book taken from the stacks to their desk to its proper place.
44.When asking for help，readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians silly questions they ought to solve themselves.
45.When asking for help，readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians silly questions they ought to solve themselves.
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C andD . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.
There is no denying that students should learn something about how computers work，just as we expect them at least to understand that the internal-combustion engine(内燃机)has something to do with burning fuel， expanding gases and pistons (活塞)being driven.For people should have some basic idea of how the things that they use do what they do. Further，students might be helped by a course that considers the computer‘s impact on society.But that is not what is meant by computer literacy.For computer literacy is not a formof literacy (读写能力);it is a trade skill that should not be taught as a liberal art.
Learning how to use a computer and learning how to program one are two distinct activities.A case might be made that the competent citizens of tomorrow should free themselves from their fear of computers.But this is quite different from saying that all ought to know how to program one. Leave that to people who havechosen programming as a career.While programming can be lots of fun，and while our society needs some people who are experts at it，the same is true of auto repair and violin-making.
Learning how to use a computer is not that difficult，and it gets easier all the time as programs become more “user-friendly”。Let us assume that in the future everyone is going to have to know how to use a computer to be a competent citizen.What does the phrase learning to use a computer mean? It sounds like “learning to drive a car”，2019年6月大学英语四级考试模拟试题（含答案）（1）that is，it sounds as if there is some set of definite skills that，once acquired，enable one to use a computer.
In fact，“learning to use a computer” is much more like “learning to play a game”，but learning the rulesof one game may not help you play a second game，whose rules may not be the same.There is no such a thingas teaching someone how to use a computer.One can only teach people to use this or that program and generally that is easily accomplished.
Choose correct answers to the question：
46.To be the competent citizens of tomorrow，people should _______.
A.try to lay a solid foundation in computer science
B.be aware of how the things that they use do what they do
C.learn to use a computer by acquiring a certain set of skills
D.understand that programming a computer is more essential than repairing a car
47.In the second paragraph“auto repair”and“violin-making”are mentioned to show that _______ .
A.programming a computer is as interesting as making a violin
B.our society needs experts in different fields
C.violin making requires as much skill as computer programming
D.people who can use a computer don‘t necessarily have to know computer programming
48.Learning to use a computer is getting easier all the time because _______ .
A.programs are becoming less complicated
B.programs are designed to be convenient to users
C.programming is becoming easier and easier
D.programs are becoming readily available to computer users
49.According to the author，the phrase“learning to use a computer”(Lines3，4，Para.3) means learning _______.
A.a set of rules B. the fundamentals of computer science
C.specific programs D. general principles of programming
50.The author‘s purpose in writing this passage is _______.
A.to stress the impact of the computer on society
B.to explain the concept of computer literacy
C.to illustrate the requirements for being competent citizens of tomorrow
D.to emphasize that computer programming is an interesting and challenging job
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.
One of the bitterest and most time-worm debates in student union bars up and down the country is resolved as academic research confirms that in financial terms at least，arts degrees are a complete waste of time.Getting through university boosts students‘earnings by 25%，on a weighted average，or $220，000 over theirlifetime，according to Professor Ian Walker of Warwick University-but if they study Shakespeare or the peasants’revolt instead of anatomy of contract law，those gains are likely to be completely wiped out.
The government is about to allow universities to charge students up to $3，000 a year for their degrees，arguing that it‘s a small price to pay compared with the financial rewards graduates reap later in life.But Prof. Walker’s research shows there are sharp variations in returns according to which subject a student takes.
Law，medicine and economics or business are the most lucrative choices，making their average earnings 25% higher，according to the article，published in the office for national statistics‘monthly journal.Scientists get 10-15% extra.At the bottom of the list are arts subjects，which make only a “small ”differenceto earnings- a small negative one，in fact.Just ahead are degrees in education-which leave hard pressed teachers anaverage of 5% better off a year than if they had left school at 18.
“it‘s hard to resist the conclusion that what students learn does matter a lot;and some subject areas givemore modest financial returns than others，”Prof.Walker said.As an economist，he was quick to point outthat students might gain non-financial returns from arts degrees“Studying economics might be very dull，forexample，and studying post-modernism might be a lot of fun.”
Choose correct answers to the question：
51.What is the best title for the passage?
A.Professor Walker‘s Research
B.How to Make Big Money.
C.Differences Between Science and Arts Degrees.
D.Studying Arts Has Negative Financial Outcome.
52.Universities charge students a rather high tuition mainly because_____
A.they provide the students with very prosperous subjects to learn
B.they assume that their graduates can earn much more than they had paid
C.they don‘t get financial support from the government
D.they need much revenue to support the educational expenses
53.The word “lucrative”(Line 1，Para.4) most probably means _____
C.those who had not studied at the university
D.the average income
55.We can safely conclude that the author ______
A.regards arts degrees as meaningless
B.finds this result disappointing and unfair
C.wants the students to think twice before they decide what to learn in college
D.holds that arts degrees are still rewarding despite its scarce financial returns
Part IV Translation ( 答题时间30分钟 )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese intoEnglish. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
李清照是中国宋代一位著名的女词人(ci poetess)。她的词作集称为《漱玉词》 (Shu Yu Lyrics),该名字来源于李清照济南故居前的漱玉泉。李清照在孩提时期受到了良好的教育，在早年就显示出了她的文学才华。靖康之变(Jingkang Incident)后，她和丈夫赵明诚从山东省来到江苏省南部。无家可归的境遇和悲惨的生活也在她后来的诗歌和词作中有所体现。她写出了战争带给女性的灾难，也写下了大量的爱国主义诗歌和词作品。
PartⅠ Writing 答案
The Way to Success
Everyone tries to achieve success in his career, but someone finally attains his aim while the other fails. Why? The successful one continues his cause to the end through long period of hard work, but the failure one is easily disappointed and stops halfway.
Strong will, perseverance and diligence are the three essentials of success. A man of strong will and perseverance always has an inflexible spirit. He sticks to his cause no matter how tough it might be. Sun Zhongshan was such a man. Many of his attempts failed, but he held to his purpose with firmness and at last he succeeded. Diligence means steadiness in ones work and study. Marx often worked 15 hours a day. Life is short and we have too much to do. Without diligence no one can achieve anything.
I believe that where there is a will there is a way and that success belongs to whoever can put up with long years of patient toil and constant effort. This is the way to success.
PartⅢ reading comprehension 分值说明
1、选词填空一篇 5% 10个题，每小题3.55分
2、长篇阅读一篇 10% 10个题，每小题7.1分。
3、仔细阅读 20% 10个题 共2篇，一篇5个题，每小题14.2分。
Section A 答案解析
26.【解析】 C。此空应填名词。从后面的“…can be captured and trans『lfitted”可以选出选项中images和pictures，pictures指“画面，图片”，一般指静态的情景;而文中表达的意思是实时的视频会议，画面应该是动态的，images可以表示动态的形象，画面，故images正确。
27.【解析】 l。这里应填形容词，修饰the technology。选项中的advanced，progressive，important可以用 来修饰the technology，根据后文中说the technology中包含了展多行业术语，是很深奥的，排除im—portant;而progressive“上进的，进步的”，强调寻求更好的，advanced有“领先的，高深的，并非人人都能接受的”含义，根据上下文，advanced更符合题意。
30.【解析l G。由空格后的0nes可知，这里应填名词的复数形式。前面提到the more interaction…the morelikely...be the right ones“得到的交互信息越多，你的……就更有可能是正确的”、人们通过视频会议谈判协商，了解的信息越多，自己的判断、决策才会更正确。故这里应填decisions;。
31.【解析】E。此处应填形容词修饰expressions。由上文Videoconfi renting not only，allowsyou to speak topeople in different locations“视频会议不仅可以让你跟不同地方的人说话”，--expressions and gesturesthatletyouknowwhatthe otherpersonisreallythinking,——表情和.冬态，从而让你知道他们的真实想法”，很明显修饰expressions的应该是facial，意思是“面部表情”。
32.【解析】B。此处要填形容词，与more构成形容词比较级结构。从后文by sharing documentsand compu—ter application“通过共享文档和计算机应用，会议能更加--，这是视频会议的优势，也是其目的，即提高效率，故这里应填effective。progressive“进步的”并不是电话会议要达到的目的，故排除。
33.【解析】 F。此处应填动词原形。选项中的动词原形有articulate，ma rage，integrate，connect，由原文可知，视频会议可以“共享文档和计算机应用”，而电话是不能做到的，只推断这里填的词表示“做到，实现”的词，故只有manage“设法达成”符合文意。
Section B 答案解析
36.The nucleus of any public library is the card catalog.任何公共图书馆的核心都是卡片目录。
【解析】 F)。细节题。根据句中的关键词The nucleus ofany public library可将本句定位在F)段的前四句。怎样找到这些，或其他你想找的书呢?很简单——用卡片目录。每次去图书馆的时候——我每周至少去一次——在做任何事之前，我每次都会径直走向卡片目录。它是所有公共图书馆的核心。
37.Yesterday’s best sellers are still good for readin9，which shouldn’t be overlooked.过去的畅销书仍然值得一读，不容错过。
【解析】 E)。细节题。根据句中关键词yesterday’s best sellers可定位在E)段的前三句。有些人读书只限于当前受到热评的畅销书。哦，他们错过了多少好东西呀!图书馆满是从前的畅销书;而且它们在今天仍深深吸引着读者。
38.The author suggests that people should go to the library for answers when things go wrong.
【解析】 A)。归纳题。根据句中关键词go to the library和when things go wron9可定位在A)段。作者在本段列举了几个生活中的难题，建议大家到图书馆寻求答案。归纳起来就是：作者建议遇到难题到图书馆寻求答案。
39.The Reader’s Guide is a green—bound index which provides a guide to very latest expert information of any subject that interests readers.《读者指南》是一本绿色封皮的索引书，可以指导你找到你感兴趣的任何主题的最新专业信息。
【解析】 I)。细节题。根据句中关键词The Reader’s Guide可定位在I)段的前半部分。还要学会使用《期刊文献读者指南》。这本绿色封面的索引是所有图书馆最有用的物品之一。它能查询到各大主要杂志上
40.The sure remedy to kick the TV habit is to take home from the library interesting books to read.为戒掉看电视的习惯，一个稳妥的补救方法就是从图书馆带回家一些有趣的书来读。
【解析】C)。细节题。根据句中关键词kick the TV habit和sure remedy可定位在C)段的第一、二句。
41.There are various kinds of fun and rewarding projects available in different libraries. 不同图书馆有各种有趣有益的专题。
【解析】L)。归纳题。根据句中关键词fun and rewarding projects可定位在L)段，此段列举了形形色色的图书馆专题，归纳得出结论：不同图书馆有各种有趣有益的专题。
42.A notebook will help readers to record the identification numbers of the frequently used books which can’t be taken home.
【解析】 J)。细节题。根据句中关键词notebook和the identification numbers可定位在J)段的第四句。
43.Readers should not try to return the book taken from the stacks to their desk to its Proper place.读者不要试图把从书架拿到他们桌子上的书放回到合适位置。
【解析】G)。细节题。根据句中关键词retum the book taken from the stacks可定位在G)段CAUTION部分。使用书库时要注意不要把你取的书放回到你认为正确的地方，这项工作是由专业人士来做的，免得放错了别人就找不到了。
44.When asking for help，readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians silly questions they ought to Solve the mselves.寻求帮助时，读者最好不要问参考咨询馆员那些需要自己解决的无聊问题。
【解析】 H)。细节题。根据句中关键词the reference librarians可定位在H)段CAUTION部分。注意：不要问这些专业人员那些必须你自己解决的傻问题，不要浪费他们的时间。